Psychiatric disorders among employment requiring firearms

Kento Yasuhara, Kristina Morreale, Dijonee Talley, Danielle T. Cooper, Michelle Hoy-Watkins, Kendell L. Coker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Individuals who carry guns as a requirement of employment frequently experience hazards that can be stress inducing, violent, traumatizing, or cause personal injury. This study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiological Surveys (CPES; n = 20,013), to examine mental health diagnoses of individuals that ever worked at a job requiring a firearm. Consistent with existing literature, the findings indicated that those who worked in professions requiring a firearm showed similar risk of mental health diagnoses as law enforcement officers which includes symptoms of trauma, mood disorders, and alcohol use. Further, race/ethnic differences emerged in patterns of mental health diagnoses, suggesting sociocultural differences influence diagnoses. These findings indicate the necessity for further investigation of the understudied area of mental health of those within employment positions that require firearms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioral Sciences and the Law
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • firearms
  • guns
  • mental health
  • psychiatric disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Law


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