Psychosocial and Neighborhood Correlates of Health- Related Quality of Life: A Multi-Level Study Among Hispanic Adults

Sarah D. Mills*, Rina S. Fox, Sandy Bohan, Scott C. Roesch, Georgia Robins Sadler, Vanessa L. Malcarne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a public health goal of Healthy People 2020. Hispanics living in the United States are at risk for poor HRQoL, but the causes and correlates of this risk are not well understood. Thus, the present study examined individual-level psychosocial and neighborhood-level built environment correlates of physical and mental HRQoL among Hispanic adults. Method: A community sample of Hispanic adults (N = 383) completed self-report health-related questionnaires, and census tract was used to collect data on neighborhood-level built environment variables. Multilevel modeling was used to examine individual-level psychosocial (language preference, religiosity, subjective social status, discrimination, and number of years lived in the United States) and neighborhood-level built-environment (the retail food environment, proximity to alcohol retailers, and tobacco retailer density) correlates of physical and mental HRQoL. Results: Higher subjective social status was significantly associated with better HRQoL, and more experiences with discrimination were significantly associated with lower HRQoL. For physical HRQoL, these relationships were stronger in neighborhoods with a higher density of tobacco retail outlets. Conclusions: Findings from this study suggest that subjective social status and discrimination play important roles in HRQoL among Hispanics, in particular in neighborhoods with a higher density of tobacco retail outlets. This study highlights the importance of considering neighborhood context, and in particular neighborhood disadvantage, when examining the relationship between social status, discrimination and HRQoL among Hispanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Hispanics
  • Social ecological model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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