Pulmonary and physical function limitations in aging men with and without HIV from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS)

Mona Abdo, Ken M. Kunisaki, Alison Morris, Valentina Stosor, Dong Chang, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Kristina Crothers, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Todd T. Brown, Samantha MaWhinney, Kristine M. Erlandson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We examined the associations between pulmonary impairments and physical function and whether age, HIV serostatus, or smoking modified these relationships. Methods: Using Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study data, we examined associations between pulmonary function (diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide [DLCO], one-second forced expiratory volume [FEV1]) and subsequent physical outcomes (gait speed, grip strength, frailty [non-frail, pre-frail, frail]) using mixed models. Results: Of 1,048 men, 55% were living with HIV, median age was 57(IQR=48,64) and median cumulative pack-years was 1.2(IQR = 0,18.1); 33% and 13% had impaired DLCO and FEV1(<80% predicted), respectively. Participants with impaired DLCO had 3.5 kg (95%CI: -4.6, -2.4) weaker grip strength, 0.04 m/sec (95%CI: -0.06, -0.02) slower gait speed and 4.44-fold (95%CI: 1.81, 10.93) greater odds of frailty compared to participants with normal DLCO. Participants with impaired FEV1 had 3.1 kg (95%CI: -4.8, -1.4) weaker grip strength, similar gait speed (-0.001 m/sec [95%CI: -0.04, 0.03]) and 5.72-fold (95%CI: 1.90, 17.19) greater odds of frailty compared to participants with normal FEV1. Age, but not smoking or HIV, significantly modified the DLCO effect on gait speed and grip strength. Conclusions: Pulmonary impairment and decreased physical function were associated. Preserving pulmonary function may help preserve physical function in aging men with and without HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-60
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Frailty
  • HIV
  • Physical function
  • Pulmonary function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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