Pulmonary Artery Pulsatility Index is Associated with Right Ventricular Failure after Left Ventricular Assist Device Surgery

Kevin J. Morine, Michael S. Kiernan, Duc Thinh Pham, Vikram Paruchuri, David Denofrio, Navin K. Kapur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Right ventricular failure (RVF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after CF-LVAD implantation. We explored the association of pulmonary artery compliance (PAC), pulmonary artery elastance (PAE), and pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi) in addition to established parameters as preoperative determinants of postoperative RVF after CF-LVAD surgery. Methods and Results We retrospectively reviewed 132 consecutive CF-LVAD implantations at Tufts Medical Center from 2008 to 2013. Clinical, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic data were studied. RVF was defined as the unplanned need for a right ventricular assist device or inotrope dependence for ≥14 days. Univariate analysis was performed. RVF occurred in 32 of 132 patients (24%). PAC and PAE were not changed, whereas the PAPi was lower among patients with versus without postoperative RVF (1.32 ± 0.46 vs 2.77 ± 1.16; P <.001). RA pressure, RA to pulmonary capillary wedge pressure ratio (RA:PCWP), and RV stroke work index (RVSWI) were also associated with RVF. Using receiver operating characteristic curve-derived cut-points, PAPi < 1.85 provided 94% sensitivity and 81% specificity (C-statistic = 0.942) for identifying RVF and exceeded the predictive value of RA:PCWP, RVSWI, or RA pressure alone. Conclusions PAPi is a simple hemodynamic variable that may help to identify patients at high risk of developing RVF after LVAD implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-116
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Right ventricular failure
  • hemodynamics
  • left ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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