Pulmonary reactions to chemicals in the workplace

K. R. Sonenthal, Leslie C Grammer III*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Employees exposed to reactive chemicals found in the work environment can develop a multitude of immunologic pulmonary responses. These include occupational asthma and/or rhinitis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (also known as extrinsic allergic alveolitis), and hemorrhagic pneumonitis. The mechanisms of these disease processes will be described, as will the management of these conditions. Trimellitic anhydride (TMA) will then be used as an example of a reactive chemical in a discussion of the different disease mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-202
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy


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