Two xylanases from Bacillus firmus were purified to homogeneity by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. These enzymes have molecular weights of 45 kDa and 23 kDa, respectively, and both show enzymatic activity over the pH range of 5.0-11.0 at 37°C. These enzymes hydrolyzed xylan from birchwood to release mainly the products of xylose, xylotriose and xylohexose, thus indicating that the xylanases act preferentially toward the internal glycosidic bonds of xylo-oligosaccharides. However, the two xylanases show different modes of action, and a combination of both is likely to lead to concerted degradation of xylan down to the mono- and disaccharides.
- Bacillus firmus
- Enzyme purification
- Xylanase action
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology