Rupture of brain abscesses with evolution into ventriculitis with meningitis may result in sudden and dramatic worsening of the clinical situation. We present a 57-year-old man with such an event and fatal outcome. Multiple imaging modalities including computed tomography and advanced magnetic resonance imaging were correlated with gross specimen and histologic images. The differential diagnosis of multiple lesions with ring enhancement and prominent perifocal edema includes mainly infectious and neoplastic processes, such as brain abscess, metastasis, and multicentric glioblastoma. Pyogenic ventriculitis is an uncommon manifestation of severe intracranial infection that might be clinically obscure. We discuss the characteristic magnetic resonance findings of brain abscess and its complications, including meningitis and ventriculitis with emphasis on the role of diffusion-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging.
- Brain abscess
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging