The purpose of this study is to assess the image quality and diagnostic accuracy of non-contrast quadruple inversion-recovery balanced-SSFP MRA (QIR MRA) for detection of aortoiliac disease in a clinical population. QIR MRA was performed in 26 patients referred for routine clinical gadolinium-enhanced MRA (Gd-MRA) for known or suspected aortoiliac disease. Non-contrast images were independently evaluated for image quality and degree of stenosis by two radiologists, using consensus Gd-MRA as the reference standard. Hemodynamically significant stenosis (≥50%) was found in 10% (22/226) of all evaluable segments on Gd-MRA. The sensitivity and specificity for stenosis evaluation by QIR MRA for the two readers were 86%/86% and 95%/93% respectively. Negative predictive value and positive predictive value were 98%/98% and 63%/53% respectively. For stenosis evaluation of the aortoiliac region QIR MRA showed good agreement with the reference standard with high negative predictive value and a tendency to overestimate mild disease presumably due to the flow-dependence of the technique. QIR MRA could be a reasonable alternative to Gd-MRA for ruling out stenosis when contrast is contraindicated due to impaired kidney function or in patients who undergo abdominal MRA for screening purposes. Further work is necessary to improve performance and justify routine clinical use.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging