Quality criteria for multi-domain studies in the indoor environment: Critical review towards research guidelines and recommendations

Giorgia Chinazzo*, Rune Korsholm Andersen, Elie Azar, Verena M. Barthelmes, Cristina Becchio, Lorenzo Belussi, Christiane Berger, Salvatore Carlucci, Stefano Paolo Corgnati, Sarah Crosby, Ludovico Danza, Luiza de Castro, Matteo Favero, Stephanie Gauthier, Runa T. Hellwig, Quan Jin, Joyce Kim, Mandana Sarey Khanie, Dolaana Khovalyg, Carola LinguaAlessandra Luna-Navarro, Ardeshir Mahdavi, Clayton Miller, Isabel Mino-Rodriguez, Ilaria Pigliautile, Anna Laura Pisello, Ricardo Forgiarini Rupp, Abdul Manan Sadick, Francesco Salamone, Marcel Schweiker, Marc Syndicus, Giorgia Spigliantini, Natalia Giraldo Vasquez, Donna Vakalis, Marika Vellei, Shen Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The perception, physiology, behavior, and performance of building occupants are influenced by multi-domain exposures: the simultaneous presence of multiple environmental stimuli, i.e., visual, thermal, acoustic, and air quality. Despite being extensive, the literature on multi-domain exposures presents heterogeneous methodological approaches and inconsistent study reporting, which hinder direct comparison between studies and meta-analyses. Therefore, in addition to carrying out more multi-domain studies, such investigations need to be designed, conducted, and documented in a systematic and transparent way. With the goal to facilitate and support future multi-domain studies and their meta-analyses, this work provides (1) a range of criteria for multi-domain study design and reporting (i.e., defined as quality criteria), and (2) a critical review of the multi-domain literature based on the described criteria, which can serve as guidelines and recommendations for future studies on the topic. The identified quality criteria encompass study set-up, study deployment and analysis, and study outcome, stressing the importance of adopting a consistent terminology and result reporting style. The developed critical review highlights several shortcomings in the design, deployment, and documentation of multi-domain studies, emphasizing the need for quality improvements of future multi-domain research. The ultimate goal of this work is to consolidate our knowledge on multi-domain exposures for its integration into regulatory resources and guidelines, which are currently dominated by single-domain knowledge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109719
JournalBuilding and Environment
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Combined effects
  • Cross-modal effects
  • Human comfort
  • IEQ
  • Research quality assurance
  • Transparent reporting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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