Quality of attachment as a predictor of maternal visitation to young hospitalized children

Jane R. Robinson*, Jane L. Rankin, Dennis Drotar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tested a comprehensive model of factors predicting maternal visitation with hospitalized children. Subjects were 86 mothers who completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, a 12-item attachment measure derived from the Waters and Deane Attachment Q-sort, and a demographic questionnaire. Children were 10 months to 4 years old (37 female, 49 male) and hospitalized for acute nonsurgical illness. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that, of the subset of variables tested (SES, number of children at home, gender, age, number of previous hospitalizations, state anxiety, and security of attachment), quality of attachment was the only significant predictor of maternal visitation rate. Mothers who reported that their children displayed insecure attachment behaviors maintained a significantly lower rate of visitation than mothers who reported that their children displayed secure attachment behaviors. Results of this study highlight the importance of understanding parent-child attachment in predicting maternal visitation when a child is hospitalized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-417
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 1996

Fingerprint

Hospitalized Child
Mothers
Anxiety
Q-Sort
Hospitalization
Regression Analysis
Demography
Equipment and Supplies
Water

Keywords

  • attachment
  • maternal visitation rate
  • separation distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

@article{c545c07660ae41cea1e23b523e7c07a9,
title = "Quality of attachment as a predictor of maternal visitation to young hospitalized children",
abstract = "Tested a comprehensive model of factors predicting maternal visitation with hospitalized children. Subjects were 86 mothers who completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, a 12-item attachment measure derived from the Waters and Deane Attachment Q-sort, and a demographic questionnaire. Children were 10 months to 4 years old (37 female, 49 male) and hospitalized for acute nonsurgical illness. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that, of the subset of variables tested (SES, number of children at home, gender, age, number of previous hospitalizations, state anxiety, and security of attachment), quality of attachment was the only significant predictor of maternal visitation rate. Mothers who reported that their children displayed insecure attachment behaviors maintained a significantly lower rate of visitation than mothers who reported that their children displayed secure attachment behaviors. Results of this study highlight the importance of understanding parent-child attachment in predicting maternal visitation when a child is hospitalized.",
keywords = "attachment, maternal visitation rate, separation distress",
author = "Robinson, {Jane R.} and Rankin, {Jane L.} and Dennis Drotar",
year = "1996",
month = "5",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1093/jpepsy/21.3.401",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "401--417",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Psychology",
issn = "0146-8693",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

Quality of attachment as a predictor of maternal visitation to young hospitalized children. / Robinson, Jane R.; Rankin, Jane L.; Drotar, Dennis.

In: Journal of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 31.05.1996, p. 401-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quality of attachment as a predictor of maternal visitation to young hospitalized children

AU - Robinson, Jane R.

AU - Rankin, Jane L.

AU - Drotar, Dennis

PY - 1996/5/31

Y1 - 1996/5/31

N2 - Tested a comprehensive model of factors predicting maternal visitation with hospitalized children. Subjects were 86 mothers who completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, a 12-item attachment measure derived from the Waters and Deane Attachment Q-sort, and a demographic questionnaire. Children were 10 months to 4 years old (37 female, 49 male) and hospitalized for acute nonsurgical illness. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that, of the subset of variables tested (SES, number of children at home, gender, age, number of previous hospitalizations, state anxiety, and security of attachment), quality of attachment was the only significant predictor of maternal visitation rate. Mothers who reported that their children displayed insecure attachment behaviors maintained a significantly lower rate of visitation than mothers who reported that their children displayed secure attachment behaviors. Results of this study highlight the importance of understanding parent-child attachment in predicting maternal visitation when a child is hospitalized.

AB - Tested a comprehensive model of factors predicting maternal visitation with hospitalized children. Subjects were 86 mothers who completed the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, a 12-item attachment measure derived from the Waters and Deane Attachment Q-sort, and a demographic questionnaire. Children were 10 months to 4 years old (37 female, 49 male) and hospitalized for acute nonsurgical illness. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that, of the subset of variables tested (SES, number of children at home, gender, age, number of previous hospitalizations, state anxiety, and security of attachment), quality of attachment was the only significant predictor of maternal visitation rate. Mothers who reported that their children displayed insecure attachment behaviors maintained a significantly lower rate of visitation than mothers who reported that their children displayed secure attachment behaviors. Results of this study highlight the importance of understanding parent-child attachment in predicting maternal visitation when a child is hospitalized.

KW - attachment

KW - maternal visitation rate

KW - separation distress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029968756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029968756&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/jpepsy/21.3.401

DO - 10.1093/jpepsy/21.3.401

M3 - Review article

C2 - 8935241

AN - SCOPUS:0029968756

VL - 21

SP - 401

EP - 417

JO - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

JF - Journal of Pediatric Psychology

SN - 0146-8693

IS - 3

ER -