A novel internally controlled PCR (ICPCR) assay was developed to accurately quantitate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) DNA and RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma. The ICPCR assay was sensitive and reproducible within a linear range of amplification of 100 to 103 copies for HIV-1 DNA and 101 to 104 copies for HIV-1 RNA. The assay detected HIV-1 RNA in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from all HIV-1 subjects regardless of disease stage. ICPCR was compared with a branched-DNA signal amplification assay for subjects beginning antiretroviral therapy. The reductions in plasma HIV-1 RNA in response to therapy were comparable with the two assays. The ICPCR assay should be useful in monitoring HIV-1 RNA levels both in natural history studies and in clinical trials of antiretroviral agents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)