Quantitative 4D transcatheter intraarterial perfusion MRI for monitoring chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma

Dingxin Wang, Brian Jin, Robert J. Lewandowski, Robert K. Ryu, Kent T. Sato, Mary F. Mulcahy, Laura M. Kulik, Frank H. Miller, Riad Salem, Debiao Li, Reed A. Omary, Andrew C. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Purpose: To develop a fully quantitative 4D transcatheter intraarterial perfusion (TRIP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique and prospectively test the hypothesis that quantitative 4D TRIP-MRI can be used clinically to monitor intraprocedural liver tumor perfusion reductions during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Materials and Methods: TACE was performed within an x-ray digital subtraction angiography (DSA)-MRI procedure suite in 16 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Quantitative 4D TRIP-MRI with targeted radiofrequency field mapping and dynamic longitudinal relaxation rate mapping was used to monitor changes in tumor perfusion during TACE. First-pass perfusion analysis was performed to produce intraprocedural blood flow (Fρ) maps. Mean liver tumor perfusions before and after TACE were compared with a paired t-test (α = 0.05). Results: Perfusion reductions were successfully measured with quantitative 4D TRIP-MRI in 22 separate tumors during 18 treatment sessions. Mean tumor perfusion Fρ decreased from 16.3 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.7-21.9) before TACE to 5.0 (95% CI: 3.5-6.5) (mL/ min/100 mL) after TACE. Tumor perfusion reductions were statistically significant (P < 0.0005), with a mean absolute perfusion change of 11.4 (95% CI: 5.6-17.1) (mL/min/100 mL) and a mean percentage reduction of 61.0% (95% CI: 48.3%-73.6%). Conclusion: Quantitative 4D TRIP-MRI can be successfully performed within clinical interventional settings to monitor intraprocedural changes in liver tumor perfusion during TACE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1116
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010


  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Liver tumor
  • Perfusion
  • Quantitative imaging
  • TACE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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