Background: Intraoperative fluoroscopy aims to improve component position in total hip arthroplasty. Measurement bias related to image quality, however, has not been quantified. We aim to quantify measurement bias in the interpretation of acetabular component position as a function of pelvis and fluoroscopic beam position in a simulated supine total hip arthroplasty model. Methods: Posterior-anterior pelvis and hip images were obtained using a previously described pelvic model with known acetabular component position. Pelvic position was varied in 5° increments of pelvis rotation (iliac-obturator) and tilt (inlet-outlet), and in 1 cm increments from beam center in cranial-caudal and medial-lateral planes. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the relationship between the resulting bias in interpretation of component position relative to pelvis position. Results: Anteversion and abduction measurement bias increased exponentially with increasing deviation in rotation and tilt. Greater bias occurred for anteversion than for abduction. Hip centered images were less affected by pelvis malposition than pelvis centered images. Deviations of beam center within 5 cm in the coronal plane did not introduce measurement bias greater than 5°. An arbitrarily defined acceptable bias of ±5° for both abduction and anteversion was used to identify a range of optimum pelvic positioning each for hip and pelvis centered imaging. Conclusion: Accurate measurement of acetabular component abduction and anteversion, especially anteversion, is sensitive to proper pelvic position relative to the chosen radiographic plane. An acceptable measurement bias of ±5° is achieved when the pelvis is oriented within a newly identified range of optimum pelvic positioning.
- acetabular component position
- anterior approach
- pelvis position
- radiographic interpretation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine