We generate quantum-correlated photon pairs using cascaded χ(2) : χ(2) traveling-wave interactions for second-harmonic generation (SHG) and spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) in a single periodically-poled thin-film lithium-niobate (TFLN) waveguide. When pulse-pumped at 50 MHz, a 4-mm-long poled region with nearly 300%/Wcm2 SHG peak efficiency yields a generated photon-pair probability of 7±0.2 × 10−4 with corresponding coincidence-to-accidental ratio (CAR) of 13.6±0.7. The CAR is found to be limited by Stokes/anti-Stokes Raman-scattering noise generated primarily in the waveguide. A Raman peak of photon counts at 250 cm−1 Stokes shift from the fundamental-pump wavenumber suggests most of the noise that limits the CAR originates within the lithium niobate material of the waveguide.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics