A canonical quantization scheme for localized surface plasmons (LSPs) in a metal nanosphere is presented based on a microscopic model composed of electromagnetic fields, oscillators that describe plasmons, and a reservoir that describes excitations other than plasmons. The eigenmodes of this fully quantum electrodynamic theory show a spectrum that includes radiative depolarization and broadening, including redshifting from the quasistatic LSP modes with increasing particle size. These spectral profiles correctly match those obtained with exact classical electrodynamics (Mie theory). The present scheme provides the electric fields per plasmon in both near- and far-field regions whereby its utility in the fields of quantum plasmonics and nano-optics is demonstrated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics