BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement in surgery involves identifying patients at high risk for postoperative complications. We sought to assess the impact of race and procedure type on 30-day surgical morbidity in pediatric urology. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) is a prospective registry of surgical cases from 50 and 56 pediatric hospitals in 2012 and 2013, respectively. We performed a cohort study of children followed in NSQIP-P who underwent urologic surgery. Forty unique operations were stratified into 6 clinically related procedure groups: ureteral, testicular, renal, urinary diversion, penile and urethral, or bladder procedures. Outcomes were 3 different composite measures of 30-day morbidity. Primary predictors were patient race and procedural group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify associations between race, procedure type, and postoperative morbidity. RESULTS: Of 114 395 patients in the NSQIP-P cohort, 11 791 underwent pediatric urologic procedures. Overall 30-day complication rate was 5.9% and was higher in bladder and urinary diversion procedures. On multivariate analyses, non-Hispanic black compared with non-Hispanic white children had higher odds of 30-day overall complications (odds ratio 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.74) and 30-day hospital-acquired infection (odds ratio 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.20). Bladder and urinary diversion procedures relative to testicular procedures had significantly higher odds of surgical morbidity across all composite outcome measures. CONCLUSIONS: Black race and bladder and urinary diversion operations were significantly associated with 30-day surgical morbidity. Future efforts should identify processes of care that decrease postoperative morbidity among children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health