Race/Ethnicity and Perception of Care: Does Patient-Provider Concordance Matter?

Constants Adams*, Nicolás Francone, Liqi Chen, Lynn M. Yee, Madeleine Horvath, Ashish Premkumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective We determine whether racial concordance between postpartum patients and obstetric providers (dyads) impacts the perception of quality of care among people undergoing intrapartum obstetrical procedures. Study Design This is a prospective cohort study of postpartum people who underwent operative vaginal or cesarean deliveries in the second stage of labor. Participants were asked to identify the race of their primary provider and complete the Interpersonal Processes of Care (IPC) survey, which assesses communication, patient-centered decision-making, and interpersonal style. The association of participant-identified patient-provider racial concordance with IPC scores was determined. The primary outcome was the IPC subdomain related to discrimination, and secondary outcomes included other IPC subdomains and IPC results by participant racial identity (Black, LatinX vs. White). Sociodemographic and biomedical data were extracted from the medical record. Bivariable analyses were performed. Results Of 168 patients who were approached, 107 (63.6%) agreed to participate and 87 (81.3%) completed the survey. The majority (n =49) identified a racially discordant provider. Participants in racially concordant dyads were more likely to be older, White, use English as a primary language, complete a higher degree of education, and have a higher household income when compared with racially discordant dyads. Intrapartum outcomes were not significantly different between groups. Median IPC subtest scores were not significantly different between groups or between racial/ethnic identities. Conclusion There were no significant differences in perceptions of IPC between racially concordant versus discordant dyads. However, there is an ongoing need to further clarify measures of quality of care in high-acuity obstetrical situations to remediate ongoing racial and ethnic disparities in adverse health outcomes. Key Points Racial concordance between patient and clinician has been associated with improved quality of care. There are limited data on racial concordance and perceptions of operative obstetrical care (e.g., operative vaginal delivery). Racial concordance was not associated with differences in patient-perceived quality of care associated with operative obstetrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-6
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • discordant dyads
  • obstetrics
  • patient and provider
  • racial concordance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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