Racial and ethnic disparities in assisted reproductive technology outcomes in the United States

Victor Y. Fujimoto*, Barbara Luke, Morton B. Brown, Tarun Jain, Alicia Armstrong, David A. Grainger, Mark D. Hornstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate ethnic differences in assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in the United States. Design: Historical cohort study. Setting: Clinic-based data. Patient(s): A total of 139,027 ART cycles from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System online database for 2004-2006, limited to white, Asian, black, and Hispanic women. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Logistic regression was used to model the odds of pregnancy and live birth; among singletons and twins, the odds of preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. Results are presented as adjusted odds ratios, with white women as the reference group. Result(s): The odds of pregnancy were reduced for Asians (0.86), and the odds of live birth were reduced for all groups: Asian (0.90), black (0.62), and Hispanic (0.87) women. Among singletons, moderate and severe growth restriction were increased for all infants in all three minority groups (Asians [1.78, 2.05]; blacks [1.81, 2.17]; Hispanics [1.36, 1.64]), and preterm birth was increased among black (1.79) and Hispanic women (1.22). Among twins, the odds for moderate growth restriction were increased for infants of Asian (1.30) and black women (1.97), and severe growth restriction was increased among black women (3.21). The odds of preterm birth were increased for blacks (1.64) and decreased for Asians (0.70). Conclusion(s): There are significant disparities in ART outcomes according to ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-390
Number of pages9
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2010


  • ART outcomes
  • Asian
  • Ethnic disparities
  • Hispanic
  • IVF live birth rates
  • IVF outcomes
  • IVF pregnancy rates
  • black
  • growth restriction
  • prematurity
  • racial disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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