Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others' Pain

Sophie Trawalter*, Kelly M. Hoffman, Adam Waytz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work provides evidence that people assume a priori that Blacks feel less pain than do Whites. It also demonstrates that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status and the privilege (or hardship) status confers, not race per se. Archival data from the National Football League injury reports reveal that, relative to injured White players, injured Black players are deemed more likely to play in a subsequent game, possibly because people assume they feel less pain. Experiments 1-4 show that White and Black Americans-including registered nurses and nursing students-assume that Black people feel less pain than do White people. Finally, Experiments 5 and 6 provide evidence that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status, not race per se. Taken together, these data have important implications for understanding race-related biases and healthcare disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere48546
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2012

Fingerprint

Racism
Pain Perception
pain
Pain
Healthcare Disparities
Football
Nursing
nursing education
Nursing Students
African Americans
nurses
Experiments
Nurses
health services
Students
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Trawalter, Sophie ; Hoffman, Kelly M. ; Waytz, Adam. / Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others' Pain. In: PloS one. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 11.
@article{7d3dbd9d1342423cbf94fba6dda1ab6c,
title = "Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others' Pain",
abstract = "The present work provides evidence that people assume a priori that Blacks feel less pain than do Whites. It also demonstrates that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status and the privilege (or hardship) status confers, not race per se. Archival data from the National Football League injury reports reveal that, relative to injured White players, injured Black players are deemed more likely to play in a subsequent game, possibly because people assume they feel less pain. Experiments 1-4 show that White and Black Americans-including registered nurses and nursing students-assume that Black people feel less pain than do White people. Finally, Experiments 5 and 6 provide evidence that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status, not race per se. Taken together, these data have important implications for understanding race-related biases and healthcare disparities.",
author = "Sophie Trawalter and Hoffman, {Kelly M.} and Adam Waytz",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0048546",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "11",

}

Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others' Pain. / Trawalter, Sophie; Hoffman, Kelly M.; Waytz, Adam.

In: PloS one, Vol. 7, No. 11, e48546, 14.11.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial Bias in Perceptions of Others' Pain

AU - Trawalter, Sophie

AU - Hoffman, Kelly M.

AU - Waytz, Adam

PY - 2012/11/14

Y1 - 2012/11/14

N2 - The present work provides evidence that people assume a priori that Blacks feel less pain than do Whites. It also demonstrates that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status and the privilege (or hardship) status confers, not race per se. Archival data from the National Football League injury reports reveal that, relative to injured White players, injured Black players are deemed more likely to play in a subsequent game, possibly because people assume they feel less pain. Experiments 1-4 show that White and Black Americans-including registered nurses and nursing students-assume that Black people feel less pain than do White people. Finally, Experiments 5 and 6 provide evidence that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status, not race per se. Taken together, these data have important implications for understanding race-related biases and healthcare disparities.

AB - The present work provides evidence that people assume a priori that Blacks feel less pain than do Whites. It also demonstrates that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status and the privilege (or hardship) status confers, not race per se. Archival data from the National Football League injury reports reveal that, relative to injured White players, injured Black players are deemed more likely to play in a subsequent game, possibly because people assume they feel less pain. Experiments 1-4 show that White and Black Americans-including registered nurses and nursing students-assume that Black people feel less pain than do White people. Finally, Experiments 5 and 6 provide evidence that this bias is rooted in perceptions of status, not race per se. Taken together, these data have important implications for understanding race-related biases and healthcare disparities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869133112&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869133112&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0048546

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0048546

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 11

M1 - e48546

ER -