This article considers how judges’ political and racial backgrounds intersect with offender race under the United States Sentencing Guidelines. Using variation in judges’ political affiliation and race at the district level and significant changes to Guidelines enforcement, I find that Democratic appointees are more lenient than Republican appointees when the Guidelines are less binding. Despite these differences, however, racial disparities do not vary by judge political affiliation under either strict or relaxed Guidelines. Moreover, black and Hispanic judges do not sentence differently from their white counterparts. I conclude that racial disparities change little by Guideline enforcement or judicial characteristics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics