Racial-ethnic differences in genetic amniocentesis uptake

Jennifer B. Saucier*, Dennis Johnston, Catherine A. Wicklund, Patricia Robbins-Furman, Jacqueline T. Hecht, Manju Monga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the role of health beliefs in genetic amniocentesis acceptance in a diverse racial-ethnic population. Participants completed a previously-validated questionnaire consisting of three sections: (1) demographics, (2) amniocentesis knowledge, and (3) health beliefs, which assessed perceived susceptibility, seriousness of potential impact, benefits of testing, and barriers to testing. The results showed that Hispanic women were less likely to accept amniocentesis (51.5% vs. Caucasian 82.8%, African American 82.9%, Asian 82.8%). Education level was the only demographic factor higher among acceptors. Women who accepted amniocentesis had higher perceived seriousness, susceptibility, and benefits HBM scores and higher knowledge scores than women who declined. HBM scores and knowledge predicted the amniocentesis decision correctly 91.5% of the time. Individual health beliefs and knowledge play a greater role in genetic amniocentesis acceptance than do demographic factors such as race-ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Genetic Counseling
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Ethnicity
  • Genetic amniocentesis
  • Health Belief Model
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)

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