Background: Patients with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) experience a range of abdominal and bowel symptoms; successful management requires alleviation of this constellation of symptoms. Eluxadoline, a locally active mixed μ- and κ-opioid receptor agonist and δ-opioid receptor antagonist, is approved for the treatment of IBS-D in adults based on the results of 2 Phase 3 studies. Radar plots can facilitate comprehensive, visual evaluation of diverse but interrelated efficacy endpoints. Methods: Two double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 3 trials (IBS-3001 and IBS-3002) randomized patients meeting Rome III criteria for IBS-D to twice-daily eluxadoline 75 or 100 mg or placebo. Radar plots were prepared showing pooled Weeks 1-26 response rates for the primary efficacy composite endpoint (simultaneous improvement in abdominal pain and stool consistency), stool consistency, abdominal pain, urgency-free days, and adequate relief, and change from baseline to Week 26 in IBS-D global symptom score, abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, and daily number of bowel movements. Key Results: The studies enrolled 2428 patients. Eluxadoline increased Weeks 1-26 responder proportions vs placebo for the composite endpoint, stool consistency, abdominal pain, urgency-free days, and adequate relief. Changes from baseline to Week 26 in IBS-D global symptom score, abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, and number of bowel movements were greater with eluxadoline vs placebo. Conclusions and Inferences: Data presentation in radar plot format facilitates interpretation across multiple domains, demonstrating that eluxadoline treatment led to improvements vs placebo across 13 endpoints representing the range of symptoms experienced by patients with IBS-D.
- abdominal pain
- irritable bowel syndrome
- radar plots
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems