This study assessed the safety of inactivated Myobacterium vaccae as a candidate vaccine to prevent disseminated mycobacterial disease in children with HIV infection 35 children ages 1-8 with CD4 counts ≥300/mm3 in New Hampshire, Boston and Chicago were randomised in a 2:1 schedule to receive a 3-dose series of intradermal M. vaccae vaccine (MV) or hepatitis B vaccine (HBV) at 2-month intervals. Immunisation was safe and well tolerated; 2-day median vaccine site induration was 5 mm in MV recipients and 0 mm in HBV recipients (p<0.001). There were no significantly different changes in viral load or CD4 count between the two vaccine groups. No PPD skin test conversion occurred after immunisation. MV is safe and well tolerated and deserves further evaluation as vaccine to prevent mycobacterial disease in HIV- infected children.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases