Randomized clinical trial of an Internet-based versus brief office intervention for adolescent smoking cessation

Christi A. Patten*, Ivana T. Croghan, Tracy M. Meis, Paul A. Decker, Suzanne Pingree, Robert C. Colligan, Ellen A. Dornelas, Kenneth P. Offord, Eric W. Boberg, Rhonda K. Baumberger, Richard D. Hurt, David H. Gustafson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Evaluation of novel treatment delivery methods, such as the Internet are notably absent from the adolescent smoking treatment literature. Methods: Adolescent smokers ages 11-18 years were randomized to a clinic-based, brief office intervention (BOI; N = 69) consisting of four individual counseling sessions; or to Stomp Out Smokes (SOS), an Internet, home-based intervention (N = 70). Adolescents in SOS had access to the SOS site for 24 weeks. Results: The 30-day, point-prevalence smoking abstinence rates for BOI and SOS were 12% versus 6% at week 24 and 13% versus 6% at week 36, with no significant treatment differences. Among participants who continued to smoke, SOS was associated with a significantly greater reduction in average number of days smoked than BOI (P = 0.006). The BOI was found to be feasible with high session attendance rates. SOS participants accessed the site a mean ± S.D. of 6.8 ± 7.1 days. SOS use dropped to less than one-third of participants by week 3. Conclusion: Additional research is needed to tap the potential capabilities of the Internet for adolescent smoking cessation using proactive, personalized, patient-education components. Practice implications: Augmenting the SOS type of intervention with more structured, personal and proactive patient-education components delivered in-person or by telephone or electronic mail is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalPatient education and counseling
Volume64
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Brief office intervention
  • Internet
  • Smoking
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Patten, C. A., Croghan, I. T., Meis, T. M., Decker, P. A., Pingree, S., Colligan, R. C., Dornelas, E. A., Offord, K. P., Boberg, E. W., Baumberger, R. K., Hurt, R. D., & Gustafson, D. H. (2006). Randomized clinical trial of an Internet-based versus brief office intervention for adolescent smoking cessation. Patient education and counseling, 64(1-3), 249-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2006.03.001