Rapid Discharge After Anatomic Lung Resection: Is Ambulatory Surgery for Early Lung Cancer Possible?

Daniel P. Dolan, Maxime Visa, Dan Lee, Kalvin C. Lung, Diego Avella Patino, Chitaru Kurihara, Rafael Garza-Castillon, David Duston Odell, Ankit Bharat, Samuel Suk Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Given resource constraints during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, we explored whether minimally invasive anatomic lung resections for early-stage lung cancer could undergo rapid discharge. Methods: All patients with clinical stage I-II non–small cell lung cancer from September 2019 to June 2022 who underwent minimally invasive anatomic lung resection at a single institution were included. Patients discharged without a chest tube <18 hours after operation, meeting preset criteria, were considered rapid discharge. Demographics, comorbidities, operative details, and 30-day outcomes were compared between rapid discharge patients and nonrapid discharge “control” patients. Multivariable logistic regression was performed for predictors of nonrapid discharge. Results: Overall, 430 patients underwent resection (200 lobectomies and 230 segmentectomies); 162 patients (37%) underwent rapid discharge and 268 patients (63%) were controls. The rapid discharge group was younger (66.5 vs 70.0 years; P < .001), was assigned to lower American Society of Anesthesiologists class (P = .02), had more segmentectomies than lobectomies (P = .003), and had smaller tumors (P < .001). There were no differences between groups in distance from home to hospital (P = .335) or readmission rates (P = .39). Increasing age had higher odds for nonrapid discharge (odds ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.07), whereas segmentectomy had decreased odds (odds ratio, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.28-0.75). Conclusions: Approximately 37% of the patients underwent rapid discharge after operation with similar readmission rate to controls. Increasing age had higher odds for nonrapid discharge; segmentectomy was likely to lead to rapid discharge. Consideration of rapid discharge minimally invasive lung resection for early-stage lung cancer can result in significant reduction in inpatient resources without adverse patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

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