Imine-linked two-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (2D COFs) are crystalline polymer networks with enhanced stability compared to boronate ester-linked systems and with broad monomer scope. They are traditionally prepared by condensing polyfunctional aldehydes and amines at elevated temperature in a mixture of organic solvents and aqueous CH 3 CO 2 H, which catalyzes imine formation and exchange. Here we employ metal triflates, which are water-tolerant Lewis acids, to accelerate 2D imine-linked COF synthesis and improve their materials quality. Low catalyst loadings provide crystalline polymer networks in nearly quantitative yields. These conditions are demonstrated for several COFs, including heteroatom-containing systems of interest for optoelectronic applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry