Rapid prediction of MRI-induced RF heating of active implantable medical devices using machine learning

Jasmine Vu*, Pia Sanpitak, Bhumi Bhusal, Fuchang Jiang, Laleh Golestanirad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The interaction between an active implantable medical device and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiofrequency (RF) fields can cause excessive tissue heating. Existing methods for predicting RF heating in the presence of an implant rely on either extensive phantom experiments or electromagnetic (EM) simulations with varying degrees of approximation of the MR environment, the patient, or the implant. On the contrary, fast MR thermometry techniques can provide a reliable real-time map of temperature rise in the tissue in the vicinity of conductive implants. In this proof-of-concept study, we examined whether a machine learning (ML) based model could predict the temperature increase in the tissue near the tip of an implanted lead after several minutes of RF exposure based on only a few seconds of experimentally measured temperature values. We performed phantom experiments with a commercial deep brain stimulation (DBS) system to train a fully connected feedforward neural network (NN) to predict temperature rise after ~3 minutes of scanning at a 3 T scanner using only data from the first 5 seconds. The NN effectively predicted ΔTmax-R2 = 0.99 for predictions in the test dataset. Our model also showed potential in predicting RF heating for other various scenarios, including a DBS system at a different field strength (1.5 T MRI, R2 = 0.87), different field polarization (1.2 T vertical MRI, R2 = 0.79), and an unseen implant (cardiac leads at 1.5 T MRI, R2 = 0.91). Our results indicate great potential for the application of ML in combination with fast MR thermometry techniques for rapid prediction of RF heating for implants in various MR environments.Clinical Relevance-Machine learning-based algorithms can potentially enable rapid prediction of MRI-induced RF heating in the presence of unknown AIMDs in various MR environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2023 45th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, EMBC 2023 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9798350324471
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event45th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, EMBC 2023 - Sydney, Australia
Duration: Jul 24 2023Jul 27 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference45th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, EMBC 2023
Country/TerritoryAustralia
CitySydney
Period7/24/237/27/23

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Biomedical Engineering

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