Rat ovarian insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4: A hormone- dependent granulosa cell-derived antigonadotropin

Lechoslaw Putowski, Richard M. Rohan, Doo Seok Choi, Wendy J. Scherzer, Elisabetta Ricciarelli, John Mordacq, Kelly E. Mayo, Eli Y. Adashi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To assess the in vivo regulation of ovarian insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4) mRNA expression by gonadotropins and estrogen. METHODS: Whole ovarian RNA, obtained from two models of follicular development, was extracted and analyzed by Northern blotting. Immature rats were treated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) followed 48 hours later with hCG, or alternatively were hypophysectomized and treated with FSH and/or diethylstilbestrol (DES). Localization of IGFBP-4 expression was assessed in the former study by in situ hybridization. Finally, the ability of human IGFBP-4 to antagonize FSH-stimulated progesterone accumulation was assessed in vitro. RESULTS: The ovarian content of IGFBP-4 transcripts increased threefold (P < .05) at 12 hours after PMSG but was near baseline at 24 and 48 hours. The abundance of IGFBP-4 mRNA increased (P <.05) again at 6 and 24 hours after hCG. The expression of IGFBP-4 was localized to granulosa cells of preantral (untreated) and small antral (12 hours after PMSG) follicles. No IGFBP-4 expression was noted in large (gonadotropin-primed) antral follicles. Hypophysectomy increased (P < .05) the ovarian content of IGFBP-4 mRNA by 1.5-fold, an effect further enhanced (1.8-fold; P < . 05) by the provision of FSH and DES. In vitro studies revealed the ability of increasing concentrations (0.01-1 μg/mL) of recombinant human IGFBP-4 to inhibit the FSH-supported accumulation of progesterone. CONCLUSION: Increased expression after administration of PMSG, hCG, and FSH/DES suggests that IGFBP-4 is a dynamic and hormonally responsive component of the ovarian cycle. The lack of expression in preovulatory follicles and its antigonadotropic actions in vitro imply that the attenuated expression of IGFBP-4 may constitute a requirement for successful follicular maturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1997


  • Carrier proteins
  • Gonadotropins
  • Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4
  • Ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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