Rational drug design: A GAGE derived peptide kills tumor cells

Rupinder K. Kular, Fruma Yehiely, Louis P. Deiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current therapy of cancer fails to completely and exclusively target tumor cells. an ideal target for cancer therapy should be expressed exclusively in tumor cells and contribute to tumorigenesis. Targeting such a candidate gene would cause cell death only in tumor cells. a cancer testis antigen, GAGE, is considered such a target as it is expressed in numerous tumors but silent in normal tissues. Contribution of GAGE to tumorigenesis is evident from the fact that overexpression of GAGE results in rescuing the cells from cell death induced by Interferon-γ, Fas, Taxol and ionizing radiation. GAGE binds to Interferon Response Factor-1 (IRF1) and decreases its abundance, thus impacting cell death pathways mediated by interferon-γ. To dissect the region responsible for GAGE activities, five peptides encompassing the whole sequence of GAGE protein were designed. a string of arginine residues enabled the peptides to enter the cells. surprisingly, peptide#1 consisting of N-terminal end of GAGE protein was able to induce cell death in HeLa cells. Interestingly, GAGE null HEK293 cells and primary fibroblasts were less sensitive to the cell death induced by this peptide. Furthermore, GAGE expression, endogenous or ectopic, resulted in increased sensitization to cell death induced by this peptide suggesting its dominant active properties. The tumors that express GAGE as a diagnostic marker should be sensitive to this peptide while sparing GAGE null normal tissues suggesting potential in cancer therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-831
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2010

Keywords

  • Arginine rich peptides
  • Cancer therapy
  • GAGE
  • Tumor antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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