Rationale and Design of a Pharmacist-led Intervention for the Risk-Based Prevention of Heart Failure: The FIT-HF Pilot Study

Michael C. Wang, Bridget Dolan, Benjamin H. Freed, Lourdes Vega, Nikola Markoski, Amy E. Wainright, Bonnie Kane, Laura E. Seegmiller, Katharine Harrington, Alana A. Lewis, Sanjiv J. Shah, Clyde W. Yancy, Ian J. Neeland, Hongyan Ning, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, Sadiya S. Khan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Given rising morbidity, mortality, and costs due to heart failure (HF), new approaches for prevention are needed. A quantitative risk-based strategy, in line with established guidelines for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease prevention, may efficiently select patients most likely to benefit from intensification of preventive care, but a risk-based strategy has not yet been applied to HF prevention. Methods and Results: The Feasibility of the Implementation of Tools for Heart Failure Risk Prediction (FIT-HF) pilot study will enroll 100 participants free of cardiovascular disease who receive primary care at a single integrated health system and have a 10-year predicted risk of HF of ≥5% based on the previously validated Pooled Cohort equations to Prevent Heart Failure. All participants will complete a health and lifestyle questionnaire and undergo cardiac biomarker (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I [hs-cTn]) and echocardiography screening at baseline and 1-year follow-up. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to either a pharmacist-led intervention or usual care for 1 year. Participants in the intervention arm will undergo consultation with a pharmacist operating under a collaborative practice agreement with a supervising cardiologist. The pharmacist will perform lifestyle counseling and recommend initiation or intensification of therapies to optimize risk factor (hypertension, diabetes, and cholesterol) management according to the most recent clinical practice guidelines. The primary outcome is change in BNP at 1-year, and secondary and exploratory outcomes include changes in hs-cTn, risk factor levels, and cardiac mechanics at follow-up. Feasibility will be examined by monitoring retention rates. Conclusions: The FIT-HF pilot study will offer insight into the feasibility of a strategy of quantitative risk-based enrollment into a pharmacist-led prevention program to reduce heart failure risk. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04684264

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number785109
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
StatePublished - 2021


  • heart failure
  • natriuretic peptides
  • pharmacist
  • primary prevention
  • risk prediction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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