Rayleigh waves excited by the discontinuous advance of a rupture front.

J. G. Harris, J. D. Achenbach, A. N. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Analytical results are presented for Rayleigh waves excited by a sudden change in the rate of growth of a subsurface zone of rupture. The curved rupture front advances across an inclined plane. The rupture can be brittle or cohesive tractions can act at its front. The analysis of two parts: first, ray theory is used to calculate wavefront approximations to the waves emitted when the rupture front speed suddenly changes. Secondly, a representation integral for the Rayleigh wave, where the integration is performed over a surface enclosing the rupture front, is constructed by using the emitted waves in combination with an appropriate Green's tensor. This integral is evaluated asymptotically. Synthetic accelerographs are constructed which illustrate how the rupture process, and the geometry of the rupture front and the fault plane affect the excitation of Rayleigh waves.-Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2233-2239
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberB3
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Soil Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology
  • Ecology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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