This study was conducted on mouse lung adenocarcinoma tissues that were treated with formalin and embedded in paraffin 25 years ago to investigate the large gene deletions of Rb and p53 in B6CF1 male mice. A total of 80 lung tissue samples from irradiated mice and 40 lung samples from nonirradiated controls were selected randomly and examined in the Rb portion of this study. The results showed a significantly (P < 0.05) higher percentage of Rb deletions in lung adenocarcinomas from mice exposed to 60 once-weekly γ-ray doses than those from mice receiving 24 once-weekly γ- ray doses at low doses and low dose rates; however, the percentage was not significantly different (P > 0.05) from that for spontaneous lung adenocarcinomas or lung adenocarcinomas from mice exposed to single-dose Υ irradiation at a similar total dose. Rb fragments 3 (71%) and 5 (67%), the parts of the gene that encoded the pocket binding region of Rb protein to adenovirus E1A and SV40 T-antigen, were the most frequently deleted fragments. Analysis of p53 gene deletion was carried out on normal lungs and lung adenocarcinomas that were initially found to bear Rb deletions. Exons 1, 4, 5, 6 and 9 were chosen to be analyzed. The data showed that 30 (97%) of 31 normal lungs and lung adenocarcinomas had p53 deletions. Exons 4 (83%) and 5 (90%) were the most frequently deleted among tested exons. Mice exposed to neutrons 60 times on a once-weekly schedule had a higher percentage of complete p53 deletions (5/8; 63%) than those exposed to Υ rays 60 times on a once-weekly schedule (2/8; 25%). We conclude that p53 deletions may be one of the major mutational events in the tumorigenesis of lung adenocarcinomas in the irradiated B6CF1 mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging