Re-examining a measure of diabetes-related burden in parents of young people with Type 1 diabetes: The Problem Areas in Diabetes Survey - Parent Revised version (PAID-PR)

J. T. Markowitz, L. K. Volkening, D. A. Butler, J. Antisdel-Lomaglio, B. J. Anderson, L. M B Laffel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabet. Med. 29, 526-530 (2012) Aims In a pediatric patients, the burden of diabetes lies within the family. In the current era of intensive insulin therapy, perceived parental burden may affect the family's efforts at effective diabetes management. The aims of this study were to re-examine and revise a measure of perceived parental burden associated with caring for a child with diabetes in the current era. Methods A geographically diverse population of young people (N=376) with Type 1 diabetes and their parents included participants in the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation continuous glucose monitoring study and patients from the Joslin Diabetes Center. Participants provided data on demographics, diabetes management, diabetes-specific family conflict, and quality of life at baseline and after 6months of follow-up. Results Young people were 12.9±2.7years old with diabetes duration of 6.3±3.5years. Mean HbA 1C was 8.0±1.2%(64mmol/mol), 58% received insulin pump therapy, and young people monitored blood glucose 5.2±2.3times/day. Factor analysis yielded two factors, 'Immediate Burden' and 'Theoretical Burden'. The Problem Areas in Diabetes Survey - Parent Revised version (PAID-PR) demonstrated excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α=0.87; factor 1 α=0.78; factor 2 α=0.83). Greater parental burden was associated with more frequent blood glucose monitoring, higher HbA 1C levels, greater diabetes-specific family conflict, and lower quality of life. Test-retest analysis was acceptable (r=0.62). Conclusions The PAID-PR demonstrated excellent internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and associations with diabetes-specific family conflict and quality of life. This brief measure may have both clinical and research utility in the management of young people with Type 1 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-530
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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