Reactions to both nonionic iodinated and gadolinium-based contrast media: Incidence and clinical characteristics

Faezeh Sodagari, Amirhossein Mozaffary, Cecil G. Wood, Brenda Schmitz, Frank H. Miller, Vahid Yaghmai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective or our study was to assess the incidence rate and clinical characteristics of allergiclike reactions in patients who received both nonionic iodinated contrast medium (ICM) and gadolinium-based contrast medium (GBCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS. Acute allergiclike reactions in patients who received both ICM and GBCM to nonionic ICM or GBCM injections during a 5-year period were analyzed. Allergy preparation was not administered when patients received a different type of contrast material. Acute allergiclike reactions to both ICM and GBCM were evaluated. RESULTS. Of 302,858 contrast injections (155,234 ICM and 147,624 GBCM) during a 5-year period, 1006 (752 ICM and 254 GBCM) acute allergiclike contrast reactions were reported. The overall rate of reaction to ICM was 0.48% (95% CI, 0.45-0.52%), and the overall rate of reaction to GBCM was 0.17% (95% CI, 0.15-0.19%). A total of 19,237 patients received at least one ICM injection and one GBCM injection, with a total of 56,310 injections (19,237 initial injections and 37,073 subsequent injections). Nine patients had reactions to both ICM and GBCM with the primary reaction rate of 9/19,237 (incidence rate, 0.047%; 95% CI, 0.044-0.050%), and the secondary reaction rate of 9/37,073 (incidence rate, 0.024%; 95% CI, 0.023-0.026%). All secondary reactions in patients who had a reaction to both ICM and GBCM were mild. None of the patients required medication for the treatment of the secondary reaction. CONCLUSION. An allergiclike reaction to both nonionic ICM and GBCM was an extremely rare event that presented as a mild acute reaction without signifcant clinical consequences despite the fact that an allergy preparation was not administered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-719
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume210
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Contrast allergic reactions
  • Gadolinium-based contrast medium
  • Iodinated contrast medium
  • Primary reaction
  • Secondary reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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