Proliferin (PLF) is an angiogenic placental hormone. We now report that PLF gene expression can also occur in a progressive fibrosarcoma mouse tumor cell model. PLF mRNA and protein are detectable at very low levels in cell lines derived from the mild noninvasive stage of tumor development. Expression is greatly augmented in cell lines from the aggressively invasive stage of development, a stage at which the tumor becomes highly angiogenic, and PLF expression remains high in cell lines from the end stage of fibrosarcoma. Activator protein 1 factors present at high levels in the more invasive stages of the tumor may in part allow for increased PLF expression, as cells from the mild stage in which c-jun and junB are stably expressed secrete levels of PLF comparable to that of the advanced stages. Secreted PLF protein is functionally important in tumor cell angiogenic activity, as demonstrated by the reduction of angiogenic activity in fibrosarcoma cell culture medium by immunodepletion of PLF. These results suggest that an extraembryonic genetic program, which has evolved to support fetal growth, may be reactivated in certain tumors and contribute to tumor growth.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 6 2001|
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