Reactive site-dependent phenotypic alterations in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 transgenic mice

M. Eren, L. A. Gleaves, J. B. Atkinson, L. E. King, P. J. Declerck, Douglas E. Vaughan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Background: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the major physiological inhibitor of plasminogen activators (PAs) and plays a role in the regulation of a number of physiological processes including the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins, cell proliferation and migration, and intracellular signaling. Aim: To characterize the effects of durable expression of a stable form of human PAI-1 and to characterize important structure-function relationships in PAI-1 in vivo. Methods: We developed transgenic mice lines overexpressing stable variants of human PAI-1 under the control of the murine preproendothelin-1 promoter and characterized the phenotypic alterations displayed by transgenic mice. Results: Transgenic mice expressing an active form of human PAI-1 (PAI-1-stab) display complex phenotypic abnormalities including alopecia and hepatosplenomegaly. Reactive site mutant transgenic mice expressing inactive PAI-1 exhibit complete phenotypic rescue, while transgenic mice expressing PAI-1 with reduced affinity for vitronectin manifest all of the phenotypic abnormalities present in PAI-1-stab transgenic mice. Conclusions: The protease inhibitory activity of PAI-1 toward PAs and/or other serine proteases is necessary and sufficient to promote complex phenotypic abnormalities and mediates many of the physiological effects of PAI-1 in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1500-1508
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2007


  • Alopecia
  • Amyloidosis
  • Extramedullary hematopoiesis
  • Organomegaly
  • Plasminogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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