Readdressing the role of surgery of the primary tumor in de novo stage IV breast cancer

Seema Ahsan Khan*, Elizabeth S.M. DesJardin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impressive advances in breast cancer treatment observed in recent years also apply to the metastatic setting, where a subset of patients with favorable metastatic disease enjoy long-term survival with systemic therapy. In patients with distant disease, the primary tumor in the breast has not classically been though to merit specific locoregional therapy. However, about 6% of Stage IV patients in the USA and up to 20% in limited resource environments present with synchronous distant metastases at the time of initial diagnosis. For this group, who have an intact primary tumor, retrospective studies suggest that local therapy for the primary site may be beneficial. However, these retrospective analyses are biased in that women receiving local therapy to the primary site were younger and had biologically favorable tumors and lower volume metastatic disease. Two completed randomized clinical trials have shown conflicting results, and others are ongoing. In this chapter, we discuss the results of these studies through the present day and summarize their conclusions and their implications for clinical management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCancer Treatment and Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages73-88
Number of pages16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameCancer Treatment and Research
Volume173
ISSN (Print)0927-3042

Keywords

  • Local therapy
  • Locoregional therapy
  • Metastatic breast cancer
  • Stage IV breast cancer
  • Surgery
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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