Real-time glucose sensing by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in bovine plasma facilitated by a mixed decanethiol/mercaptohexanol partition layer

Olga Lyandres, Nilam C. Shah, Chanda Ranjit Yonzon, Joseph T. Walsh, Matthew R. Glucksberg, Richard P. Van Duyne*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

181 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new, mixed decanethiol (DT)/mercaptohexanol (MH) partition layer with dramatically improved properties has been developed for glucose sensing by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. This work represents significant progress toward our long-term goal of a minimally invasive, continuous, reusable glucose sensor. The DT/MH-functionalized surface has greater temporal stability, demonstrates rapid, reversible partitioning and departitioning, and is simpler to control compared to the tri-(ethylene glycol) monolayer used previously. The data herein show that this DT/MH-functionalized surface is stable for at least 10 days in bovine plasma. Reversibility is demonstrated by exposing the sensor alternately to 0 and 100 mM aqueous glucose solutions (pH ∼7). The difference spectra show that complete partitioning and departitioning occur. Furthermore, physiological levels of glucose in two complex media were quantified using multivariate analysis. In the first system, the sensor is exposed to a solution consisting of water with 1 mM lactate and 2.5 mM urea. The root-mean-squared error of prediction (RMSEP) is 92.17 mg/dL (5.12 mM) with 87% of the validation points falling within the A and B range of the Clarke error grid. In the second, more complex system, glucose is measured in the presence of bovine plasma. The RMSEP is 83.16 mg/dL (4.62 mM) with 85% of the validation points falling within the A and B range of the Clarke error grid. Finally, to evaluate the real-time response of the sensor, the 1/e time constant for glucose partitioning and departitioning in the bovine plasma environment was calculated. The time constant is 28 s for partitioning and 25 s for departitioning, indicating the rapid interaction between the SAM and glucose that is essential for continuous sensing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6134-6139
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume77
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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