Real-Time Tele-Monitoring of Patients with Chronic Heart-Failure Using a Smartphone: Lessons Learned

Daniel Aranki, Gregorij Kurillo, Posu Yan, David M. Liebovitz, Ruzena Bajcsy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


We present a smartphone-based system for real-time tele-monitoring of physical activity in patients with chronic heart-failure (CHF). We recently completed a pilot study with 15 subjects to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed monitoring in the real world and examine its requirements, privacy implications, usability, and other challenges encountered by the participants and healthcare providers. Our tele-monitoring system was designed to assess patient activity via minute-by-minute energy expenditure (EE) estimated from accelerometry. In addition, we tracked relative user location via global positioning system (GPS) to track outdoors activity and measure walking distance. The system also administered daily surveys to inquire about vital signs and general cardiovascular symptoms. The collected data were securely transmitted to a central server where they were analyzed in real time and were accessible to the study medical staff to monitor patient health status and provide medical intervention if needed. Although the system was designed for tele-monitoring individuals with CHF, the challenges, privacy considerations, and lessons learned from this pilot study apply to other chronic health conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension, that would benefit from continuous monitoring through mobile-health (mHealth) technologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7452588
Pages (from-to)206-219
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Affective Computing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016


  • heart failure
  • intervention
  • mHealth
  • Tele-monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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