Real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic study of left ventricular function after infarct exclusion surgery for ischemic cardiomyopathy

Jian Xin Qin, Takahiro Shiota*, Patrick M. McCarthy, Michael S. Firstenberg, Neil L. Greenberg, Hiroyuki Tsujino, Fabrice Bauer, Agnese Travaglini, Kathy J. Hoercher, Tiffany Buda, Nicholas G. Smedira, James D. Thomas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Background - Infarct exclusion (IE) surgery, a technique of left ventricular (LV) reconstruction for dyskinetic or akinetic LV segments in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, requires accurate volume quantification to determine the impact of surgery due to complicated geometric changes. Methods and Results - Thirty patients who underwent IE (mean age 61±8 years, 73% men) had epicardial real-time 3-dimensional echocardiographic (RT3DE) studies performed before and after IE. RT3DE follow-up was performed transthoracically 42±67 days after surgery in 22 patients. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare the values before and after IE surgery and at follow-up. Significant decreases in LV end-diastolic (EDVI) and end-systolic (ESVI) volume indices were apparent immediately after IE and in follow-up (EDVI 99±40, 67±26, and 71±31 mL/m2, respectively; ESVI 72±37, 40±21, and 42±22 mL/m2, respectively; P<0.05). LV ejection fraction increased significantly and remained higher (0.29±0.11, 0.43±0.13, and 0.42±0.09, respectively, P<0.05). Forward stroke volume in 16 patients with preoperative mitral regurgitation significantly improved after IE and in follow-up (22±12, 53±24, and 58±21 mL, respectively, P<0.005). New York Heart Association functional class at an average 285±144 days of clinical follow-up significantly improved from 3.0±0.8 to 1.8±0.8 (P<0.0001). Smaller end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes measured with RT3DE immediately after IE were closely related to improvement in New York Heart Association functional class at clinical follow-up (Spearman's p=0.58 and 0.60, respectively). Conclusions - RT3DE can be used to quantitatively assess changes in LV volume and function after complicated LV reconstruction. Decreased LV volume and increased ejection fraction imply a reduction in LV wall stress after IE surgery and are predictive of symptomatic improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)III101-III106
Issue number19
StatePublished - Nov 7 2000


  • Aneurysm
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Echocardiography
  • Ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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