A study was undertaken in 15 patients to compare measured and assumed arteriovenous oxygen (A V O2) content, differences and their effects on resultant shunt calculations. All patients were on volume ventilators and demonstrated a stable cardiovascular state. Simultaneous measurements of the O2 content of a pulmonary artery (PA) and of a superior vena cava (SVC) sample were compared. A mean A V O2 content difference of 3.5±0.8 volumes percent was obtained from the PA and 2.6±1.1 volumes percent from the SVC. The resultant shunt calculations derived from measured A V O2 content differences were compared with the calculation based on an assumed A V O2 content difference of 5 volumes percent. A method for extapolating a 'true' A V O2 content difference from an SVC blood sample was obtained. The extrapolated value resulted in a more representative 'true shunt' calculation in 13 of the 15 patients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Anesthesia and Analgesia|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1975|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine