Children represent a unique group of patients who are likely to greatly benefit from minimally invasive surgery (MIS). The promise of less postoperative pain, smaller scars, shorter hospital stays, and a faster return to school continues to drive growth in this area. The development of pediatric-specific techniques and documentation of improved outcomes form a critical gateway to widespread application of pediatric MIS. A brief perspective on current approaches to MIS for pediatric congenital and acquired disease is provided in this report. Technical departures from standardized adult MIS and the rationale for their modification are highlighted.
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