Recent Advances in Rechargeable Aluminum-Ion Batteries and Considerations for Their Future Progress

Kaiqiang Zhang, Kent O. Kirlikovali, Jun Min Suh, Ji Won Choi, Ho Won Jang*, Rajender S. Varma, Omar K. Farha, Mohammadreza Shokouhimehr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Owing to their high theoretical capacity and reliable operational safety, nonaqueous rechargeable aluminum batteries (RABs) have emerged as a promising class of battery materials and been intensively studied in recent years; however, a lack of suitable, high-performing positive electrode materials, along with the need for air-sensitive and expensive ionic liquid electrolytes, has significantly hindered the practical use of RABs in large-scale applications. Therefore, we sought to carefully analyze positive electrode materials and the associated electrolytes that have been reported in these battery systems in order to stimulate the design of the next generation of high-performance and low-cost RABs. In this review, we have summarized the electrode materials that have been used in both nonaqueous and aqueous RAB systems and provided a rational classification based on the types of materials used and their respective structures. Additionally, we have reviewed electrolytes employed in RABs and have categorized them according to two main types of applications, either for fixed battery systems or for use in portable devices. A systematic account of recent developments on RABs, with a focus on electrode materials, innovative perspectives, and impending research efforts on future RABs, has been included. Finally, a proposed liquid RAB system is discussed with the aim of solving issues regarding fast-charging and long operational lifetimes, followed by insights into solid RABs for use in both portable and multistructural RAB systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6019-6035
Number of pages17
JournalACS Applied Energy Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 27 2020


  • aluminum-ion battery
  • electrode material
  • electrolyte
  • high performance
  • rechargeable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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