Recent developments in empirical IO: Dynamic demand and dynamic games

Victor Aguirregabiria, Aviv Nevo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Important aspects of competition in oligopoly markets are dynamic. Demand can be dynamic if products are storable or durable, or if utility from consumption is linked intertemporally. On the supply side, dynamics can be present as well. For example, investment and production decisions have dynamic implications if there is “learning-by-doing” or if there are sunk costs. Identifying the factors governing the dynamics is key to understanding competition and the evolution of market structure and for the evaluation of public policy. Advances in econometric methods and modeling techniques and the increased availability of data have led to a large body of empirical papers that study the dynamics of demand and competition in oligopoly markets. A key lesson learned early by most researchers is the complexity and challenges of modeling and estimating dynamic structural models. The complexity and “curse of dimensionality” are present even in relatively simple models but are especially problematic in oligopoly markets in which firms produce differentiated products or have heterogeneous costs. These sources of heterogeneity typically imply that the dimension of these models, and the computational cost of solving and estimating them, increases exponentially with the number of products and the number of firms. As a result, much of the recent work in structural econometrics in IO focuses on finding ways to make dynamic problems more tractable in terms of computation and careful modeling to reduce the state space while properly accounting for rich heterogeneity, dynamics, and strategic interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Economics and Econometrics
Subtitle of host publicationTenth World Congress Volume 3, Econometrics
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages53-122
Number of pages70
ISBN (Electronic)9781139060035
ISBN (Print)9781107016064
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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