Reciprocity and related topics in elastodynamics

Jan Drewes Achenbach*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations


Reciprocity theorems in elasticity theory were discovered in the second half of the 19th century. For elastodynamics they provide interesting relations between two elastodynamic states, say states A and B. This paper will primarily review applications of reciprocity relations for time-harmonic elastodynamic states. The paper starts with a brief introduction to provide some historical and general background, and then proceeds in Sec. 2 to a brief discussion of static reciprocity for an elastic body. General comments on waves in solids are offered in Sec. 3, while Sec. 4 provides a brief summary of linearized elastodynamics. Reciprocity theorems are stated in Sec. 5. For some simple examples the concept of virtual waves is introduced in Sec. 6. A virtual wave is a wave motion that satisfies appropriate conditions on the boundaries and is a solution of the elastodynamic equations. It is shown that combining the desired solution as state A with a virtual wave as state B provides explicit results for state A. Basic elastodynamic states are discussed in Sec. 7. These states play an important role in the formulation of integral representations and integral equations, as shown in Sec. 8. Reciprocity in I-D and full-space elastodynamics are discussed in Secs. 9 and 10, respectively. Applications to a half-space and a layer are reviewed in Secs. 11 and 12. Section 13 is concerned with reciprocity of coupled acousto-elastic systems. The paper is completed with a brief discussion of reci procity for piezoelectric systems. Copyright " 2006 by ASME.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-32
Number of pages20
JournalApplied Mechanics Reviews
Issue number1-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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