Introduction: Epidemiological trends in the USA have shown an increase in HIV incidence among adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM). Sexual and ethnic minorities in this group are at increased risk for infection. The use of health services and information delivered or enhanced through the Internet or related technologies—known as eHealth—is an important strategy to reduce HIV disparities and to engage with some minority populations such as Spanish-speaking Latino AMSM. Despite the new opportunities that eHealth provides, little is known about the implementation of such interventions for HIV prevention among Spanish-speaking Latino AMSM. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted to examine eHealth HIV prevention interventions targeted to Spanish-speaking Latino AMSM. A systematic search using PubMed database was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications between January 1, 2006, and May 31, 2019. Eligible publications were those including (1) adolescents ages 13 to 18 years old as its main population, (2) described and tested HIV prevention interventions, (3) AMSM, (4) eHealth interventions, and (5) Latino/Hispanic participants. Results: A total of n = 52 publications were identified. From those, only n = 12 (27.3%) were targeted to AMSM (13–18 years old) and Latino/Hispanic populations, and there was no evidence of interventions addressing eHealth HIV prevention interventions targeted to Spanish-speaking Latino AMSM. Conclusions: Results indicate the scarcity of scientific evidence of eHealth interventions targeted to populations at increased risk for infection. Further, there is a call for the development of culturally and linguistically congruent eHealth HIV prevention interventions for Spanish-speaking Latino youth and to consider implementation and methodological approaches for these populations.
- Implementation science
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Gender Studies
- Health(social science)
- Sociology and Political Science