Record ferromagnetic exchange through cyanide and elucidation of the magnetic phase diagram for a CuIIReIV(CN)2 Chain compound

T. David Harris, Claude Coulon, Rodolphe Clérac*, Jeffrey R. Long

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Reaction of the high-magnetic anisotropy building unit [ReCl 4(CN)2]2- with [Cu(MeCN)6] 2+ and hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate (Tp-) affords the zigzag chain compound (Bu4N)[TpCuReCl4(CN)2]. Dc magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the presence of ferromagnetic exchange coupling between ReIV and CuII centers along each chain and a fit to the data gives an exchange constant of J/kB = +41 K (+29 cm-1), representing the strongest ferromagnetic coupling yet observed through cyanide. Below 11.4 K and at applied fields of less than 3600 Oe, the compound undergoes a phase transition to an antiferromagnetic ground state, stemming from weak π-π interchain interactions of strength J 1/kB = -1.7 K (-1.2 cm-1). This metamagnetic behavior is fully elucidated using both experimental and theoretical methods. In addition, theoretical modeling provides a detailed determination of the local anisotropy tensors corresponding to the [ReCl4(CN)2] 2- units and demonstrates that the zigzag arrangement of the Re IV centers significantly reduces the effective anisotropy of the chain. These results demonstrate the utility of the ReIV-CN-Cu II linkage and the importance of anisotropic spin orientation in designing strongly coupled systems, which will aid in both the realization of single-chain magnets with higher relaxation barriers and in the construction of high-dimensional cyano-bridged materials exhibiting higher ordering temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 12 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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