This article synthesizes the research literature on how to ensure that the teaching workforce is effective. It offers three approaches to improving effectiveness: attracting talented individuals into the profession, creating incentives for exerting optimal effort, and providing professional development so that teachers have the skills to be effective. The research literature reveals that each approach can yield meaningfully improved student outcomes and that no one strategy is clearly more effective. The policy implications of these findings is that a multifaceted approach would improve teacher effectiveness and student outcomes. However, although there are examples of successful policies, there is no consensus on the most effective practices. The paper concludes that schools need to be data driven, flexible in their employment practices, and open to experimentation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Nordic Economic Policy Review|
|Subtitle of host publication||Economics of Education|
|Publisher||Nordic Council of Ministers|
|Number of pages||50|
|State||Published - 2012|