Recurrent anaphylaxis due to unrecognized latex hypersensitivity in two healthcare professionals

D. Masood, J. E. Brown, R. Patterson*, P. A. Greenberger, L. Berkowitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal immediate-type reaction and intense effort may be required to identify the allergen responsible. In some cases, a 'hidden' allergen may be responsible that is not apparent in spite of careful clinical assessment. Objectives: This report describes the assessment of two cases of anaphylaxis in which a search for an allergen was initially not conclusive and the diagnosis of idiopathic anaphylaxis was considered. Methods: Two patients were evaluated by various physicians for anaphylaxis with no clear indication of a responsible allergen. Persistence in evaluation led to the identification of the allergen responsible. Results: In two health care workers latex was identified as the 'hidden' cause of anaphylaxis. This allergen had not been considered in either case in initial evaluations. Neither patient has had a recurrence of anaphylaxis since latex was identified as the cause of anaphylaxis. Conclusions: Although latex is widely recognized as a cause of anaphylaxis, it can still be unrecognized in some cases of recurrent anaphylaxis. Latex must be considered as a 'hidden' cause of anaphylaxis, particularly in health care workers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-313
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Volume74
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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