Reduced forward output states affect the left ventricular opacification of intravenously administered Albunex

Navjeet K. Gandhok, Romy Block, Tracy Ostoic, Manoj Rawal, Patrick Hickle, Stephen Devries, Steven B. Feinstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Albunex is an Food and Drug Administration-approved ultrasound contrast agent used for the enhancement of left ventricular endocardial borders. To determine the efficacy of intravenously administered Albunex with regard to left ventricular opacification (LVO), a retrospective analysis of 117 patients who received 202 injections of Albunex for enhancement of endocardial borders was done (dose 0.08 to 0.22 ml/kg). Patients were routinely referred to our echocardiography laboratory for stress echocardiography for standard indications. Optimized settings for contrast enhancement (3.5 MHz transducer frequency and maximum dynamic range) were used. Four observers graded LVO on a scale from 0 to 3 (0 = no Albunex seen in the ventricular cavity; 3 = Albunex densely seen in the ventricular cavity). Overall, LVO was reported in 166 (82%) of 202 injections or in 91 (78%) of 117 patients. A significant reduction in LVO was noted in patients with mitral regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation, atrial fibrillation, systolic dysfunction, or pulmonary hypertension (increased pulmonary artery systemic pressure). LVO was seen in 88% of the patients without these conditions. However, only 12 (44%) of 27 patients with one or more of the above conditions had LVO (p < 0.05). LVO can be achieved in the majority of patients after intravenously administered Albunex when imaged with optimal transducer settings. A subset of patients with systolic dysfunction, mitral regurgitation, tricuspid regurgitation, atrial fibrillation, or increased pulmonary artery systemic pressure has less effective LVO with Albunex. Heart disease associated with decreased forward flow appears to be associated with diminished LVO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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